THE NEW BEGINNING
THE WAY TO LIVE_DOT III (YOUR ROLE) // CHAPTER 16
After four hundred years of silence, God started speaking again. The New Testament begins with four books that tell the same story. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. But these aren’t just books. They are called Gospels. According to scholars, the word gospel is likely a combination of two Anglo-Saxon words that mean “to tell something good.” The word is widely accepted to simply mean “good news.”
These four books share the same basic outline, but they were written by different people. All of them were written around the same time and describe the career of Jesus and his ideas about life.
In the beginning the Word [logos (λόγος)] already existed. The Word [λόγος] was with God, and the Word [λόγος] was God. He existed in the beginning with God. God created everything through him, and nothing was created except through him. The Word [λόγος] gave life to everything that was created, and his life brought light to everyone. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness can never extinguish it. // John 1:1–5
The Gospel of John starts with a direct connection to Stoicism. To the Stoics, the logos was unknowable. It was the ethereal logic that governed our world. John starts by saying that the logos is not just knowable, it took the form of a person.
The New Testament world looks much different from what we see in the Old Testament. The nation of Israel, Abraham’s family, is now occupied by the Roman Empire. For many years, they have been in one form of captivity or another, and Roman occupation is just another one in a long history.
The Old Testament speaks of a king who would one day return to restore the family of Abraham and set them free from their captivity once and for all. The Jews were anxiously waiting for the day when the Messiah—the Christ, a political revolutionary—would rise and restore their fortunes.